Augusta Depots

Augusta's 1903 Union Station, designed by Frank P. Milburn, stood at Barrett Square about five blocks from the riverfront. The Spanish Renaissance styled building served Atlantic Coast Line, Georgia Railroad, Southern Railway, Central of Georgia, Charleston & Western Carolina, and Georgia & Florida.

At the rear of the station was a large train shed as well as the Georgia Railroad freight depot.

Union Station closed in 1968 and was demolished in 1972. The cupola atop the central dome, however, was saved and reassembled on the front lawn of the Old Academy of Richmond County at 540 Telfair Street.

Above, the train shed.

Smoke from steam locomotives and the Georgia Railroad's maintenance shops filled the air in this 1918 photo. (From: Augusta, Ga., adjacent to Camp Hancock where the Keystone Division are now in training, Feb. 1918. Panoramic photograph. Cropped. Complete image is online at Library of Congress here.)

Union Station in 1967. Photo credit: George Lane, SSAVE. Some photo rights reserved; see this link at Creative Commons. For source photo, see this page at Flickr.

Augusta post office on Union Station site

Above, a post office stands on the former site of Union Station, while the statue of Patrick Walsh remains in its place. (2003 photo)

Photo credit: George Lane, SSAVE. Some photo rights reserved; see this link at Creative Commons. For source photo, see this page at Flickr.

The above photo by George Lane shows the train shed in 1967. The Georgia Railroad freight depot is on the right, and the cupola on Union Station's dome is seen in the center. The Plaza Hotel, once a fixture on Barrett Square, is on the left.

Above, Milburn's Union Station was not the first union depot in town. Sometime around 1870 the arch-roofed structure shown above was constructed to serve the Georgia Railroad and other rail lines.

The old Southern Railway freight depot stands at Fifth and Reynolds Street (above and below). Parts of the building date back to the 1850s when the site was used by the South Carolina Railroad (later merged into Southern). The long freight section along Reynolds Street was constructed in the early 1900s.
(2003 photo).

(1917 map shows early configuration.)

The north side of the Southern Railway freight depot.

At 560 Walton Way is the former Central of Georgia Railway freight depot (above and below). Before the Central, it served the Port Royal & Augusta Railway. The building was rehabilitated in 1983 for use as a catering and banquet facility under the name Pullman Hall. Fortunately it has retained its railroad character and still has active tracks along its west side. Unfortunately, in the late 1980s Walton Way was raised above those tracks blocking views of the building's front facade.

The machine shops and roundhouse of the Charleston & Western Carolina Railway once stood on the eastern side of the Central of Georgia depot.

Other demolished railroad facilities include the depot and shops of the Augusta, Gibson & Sandersville Railroad, which stood at the river between the railroad bridge and the Southern freight depot, and the freight yards and depot of the Charlotte, Columbia & Augusta Railroad, which occupied the block bounded by 5th, Fenwick, Washington, and Watkins streets.

Atlantic Coast Line freight depot on 9th Street near the river. Now gone.
(Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division)

Atlantic Coast Line had a freight depot at 9th and Tatnall (between Reynolds Street and the river). Built around 1915, the structure was photographed and documented by the Historic American Buildings Survey, which produced the photo above. (Ten additional photos are online at the Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Online Catalog.) The Charleston & Western Carolina Railway, an ACL affiliate, also had a freight warehouse at this location (see 1904 Sanborn map).

The most notable of Augusta's demolished railroad facilities were the repair shops, roundhouse, and general offices of the Georgia Railroad. Most of the complex stood in the block between 7th, 8th, Fenwick, and Walker streets. The James Brown Arena now stands on the site. Georgia's Railroad History & Heritage. © Steve Storey

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