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Chetoogeta Mountain Tunnels

The 1848 depot and the 1928 tunnel at Tunnel Hill. The 1850 tunnel is on the right, behind the trees.

Georgia's oldest underground trainway, the 1,477-foot Western & Atlantic Railroad tunnel at Tunnel Hill in Whitfield County, was completed in 1849-50. Visitors can now walk inside thanks to a late-1990s restoration funded in part by the federal Transportation Enhancement program.

A few yards to the north is a larger replacement tunnel built in 1928 by the Nashville, Chattanooga & St. Louis Railway, which leased the W&A from the State of Georgia in 1890. Built at a cost of $290,000, it was designed to handle the largest rail cars and locomotives then in use by American railroads. It is still used by NCSL successor CSX Railroad.

The 1850 tunnel at the time of the Civil War. (From: The Photographic History of the Civil War, Volume 3: The Decisive Battles. 1911. Online at Internet Archive here.)

Chetoogeta Mountain Tunnel, built 1850

The community celebrates the opening of the tunnel to visitors.
(Photo by Leamon Scott).

Historic tunnel at Tunnel Hill

The 1850 tunnel is on the right. At left is the 1928 tunnel, still in railroad use. (Photo by Leamon Scott).

More information:

Article on the tunnel at

Information on the tunnel's restoration at Georgia DOT website.

1848 Tunnel Hill depot. Georgia's Railroad History & Heritage. © Steve Storey

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